The study validates the online Skills® Assessment, offering clinicians a state-of-the-art means to individualize treatment plans and maximize skill acquisition for children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder.
In a new study published in the journal Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders on Jan. 9, 2014, researchers at Center for Autism and Related Disorders (CARD) find value in the comprehensive Skills® Assessment, which helps clinicians develop individualized treatment plans for children with autism. Accurate assessment is vital to curriculum planning and skill acquisition for children with autism as it establishes a foundation from which treatment will be implemented. A comprehensive assessment allows clinicians to gain a thorough understanding of how a child functions across all areas and helps the clinician design the most customized treatment program based on the child’s needs, thus maximizing results. The results of the study found that the Skills® Assessment has excellent concurrent validity between parent report and direct observation, allowing treatment to be more individualized, targeted and efficient.
The comprehensive Skills® Assessment addresses over 3,000 skills across every domain of child development, including language, social, play, adaptive, executive functions, cognition, motor and academic. In the study, a child’s parent or guardian was asked to answer the assessment questions, and those answers were compared to direct tests of the skills with the children. The study showed that the Skills® Assessment accurately portrayed the unique strengths and deficits of the children who participated.
“The Skills® Assessment has great potential to help those treating children with autism by saving time and giving a more accurate picture of the skills that a child actually needs to learn than was ever available from previous assessments,” said Jonathan Tarbox, PhD, BCBA-D, CARD director of research and development. “This tool makes treatment plans more customized and provides the clinicians with a wealth of information that can be used to treat children with autism.”
According to the study, little to no published research has evaluated the validity of an assessment of skills for the treatment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and the most commonly used assessments for applied behavior analysis (ABA) therapy treatment planning have not undergone psychometric evaluations.
“We tested every skill in the assessment with each participant, which amounted to over 30,000 trials conducted over the course of the study,” said Angela Persicke, MA, BCBA, CARD research and development supervisor.
The Skills® Assessment is a web-based component of the Skills® program, a larger tool based on the scientifically-proven principles of ABA that is used to assess an individual’s strengths and weaknesses; design individualized and comprehensive treatment, teaching and intervention plans; and track progress.
To read the study, visit www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S175094671300250X.